Hwanbyeokdang Pavilion/Pungamjeong Pavilion
Hwanbyeokdang PavilionIt is a typical room-type pavilion of the Namdo region, which was built by Sacheon Kim Yun-Je (1501~1572), who served as the governer of Naju, to foster younger students during his later years. It was Gwangju Metropolitan City Monument No. 1 but later raised to the status of State Designated Cultural Property No. 107 in November 6th, 2013. The pavilion, pond, Jodae, where the legend has it that Songgang Jung Chul and Kim Yun-Je met for the first time, and Yongso are included together as a scenic spot, it became to fit into the category of a ‘three scenic places in one area (Hwanbyeokdang Pavillion, Soswaewon and Sigyeongjeong). A mountain stream of the Wonhyo Valley runs nearby and crape-myrtle trees form a beautiful scenery near the Jungamcheon River under the valley, so it was called ‘Jamitan (crape-myrtle rapid)’. On the front, back, left and right side of the pavilion and pond, a pine forest and bamboo grove, and the surrounding mountains surround area like a picturesque scene so as the word ‘Hwanbyeok (blue circle), the area is literally surrounded by the blue color, forming a turquoise beautiful scenic view so this place has a beautiful natural scenic view.
The size of the building is a wooden tile-roofed house with three rooms in front and two room in the side and the pavilion was named by Shin Jam (1491~1554). The inscription tablet written by Song Si-Yeol is hung and the poetry of Im Eok-Ryung and Cho Ja-I is hung written on the board. Kim Yun-Je’s students are Jeong Chul, Kim Seong-Won and others. The Kim Deok-Ryung and Kim Deok-Bo brothers, leaders of the Righteous Armies during the Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592 are the grandsons of him and also heavily influenced by him. Specially this place is known for the fact that Songgang Jeong Chul stayed here from when he was sixteen until he reached twenty seven, when he began to serve in the government, to study. As this is the villa garden of the Joseon Dynasty where the greatest scholars, poets and calligraphers of the era visited to enjoy the beautiful scenery and wrote poets and Gasa literature, this place has a rich historical and cultural heritage showing the typical pavilion culture of Honam.